O setor de saneamento no Brasil tem demonstrado força e flexibilidade diante das dificuldades . Em janeiro de , o Presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva assinou uma nova lei federal de água e saneamento (Lei /07 para o. 25 set. Four decades later, the enactment of Federal Law of 05/01/, which .. LEONELLI, G. C. V. A construção da lei federal de parcelamento do solo urbano . Institui a Política Nacional de Saneamento e cria. Passados nove anos da Lei do Saneamento, que define as diretrizes to the National Plan for Basic Sanitation (PlanSab) based on Law No 11,/ —.
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From the point of view of public administration, the monitoring of data is important and necessary in order to accompany the progress of activities, improve the transparency of the accounting, and demonstrate results Schwemlein, Cronk and Bartram, The criteria for the extraction of the number of factors was the latent root, with only eigenvalues greater than 1 being considered significant, which resulted in three factors or latent dimensions: Adapted from Giovannini and collaborators and Meijering, Kern and Tobi Step 3 is based on exploratory factor analysis FA to determine the structure of the relationships between the variables Corrar, Paulo and Dias Filho, By monitoring sanitation in the municipalities, public administration can plan specific actions, establish performance and quality metrics, and orient public policies.
In terms of limitations, we can cite the lack of available 114445 for all of the municipalities, sanamento reliability of the collected data, the difficulty of integrating information from various databases, the manner of comparing municipalities based on profiles, and saneament aggregation of data saneamengo has the limitation of using a compensatory method, even though this was only used to a partial extent.
Even though the indicators make decision making possible, this study has not sought to evaluate the impact of the program or sanitation policy. The normalization was performed based on taking the lowest factor score and summing the other values. In general, the MBSI values for municipalities are very close to each other.
What these three rankings have in common is that they are based on indicators or indices that are applied to cities and that range in number from 12 to Only Profile I had a large reduction in representativeness. Lei n o Identifying the methodological characteristics of European green city rankings. However, in terms of the indicators W Efficiency and D Efficiency, more differences emerge among these municipalities.
Rio de Janeiro, The visualization of the classification results facilitates the interpretation of information in a clear and objective manner. In this sense, different weights were not attributed due to theoretical importance; equal weights were considered for all of the factors.
August 19, ; Accepted: The concept of adequate sanitation was also defined through a thematic content analysis of the principles of the Sanitation Law, which have been grouped by these themes, forming the attributes of box 2. In terms of the WSW Coverage indicator, the value of 25 is much larger than the second largest value.
Como citar este artigo.
Indicators for monitoring water, sanitation, and hygiene: In addition, it was necessary to differentiate the value of zero, to not arrive at a geometric value of zero, by considering the value closest to zero. In terms of the aggregation of the factors, we opted for the geometric average due to facility of applying it and to reduce, at least partially, the problem of it being a compensatory technique. Final considerations This study demonstrates the need for data to evaluate sanitation in a complete manner, considering the concept of adequate sanitation.
The strong points of 1145 elaborated sanitation indicators are: R2 — Urban population served by the household collection service inhabitants. After these tests, we used an octagonal rotation using the Varimax method to interpret the solution. It may be noted that the municipalities not included in the analysis due to a lack of data did not significantly affect the representativeness of the sample, given that the proportions were maintained.
Furthermore, the study of Lwi, Cronk and Bartram points to the need to evaluate inter-relationships between indicators. Increasing international initiatives employ composite indicators to measure the performance of cities, compare them and use them to influence national and international political discussions.
In terms of the weighting, in FA the weighting intervenes to correct the overlapping of information between two or more correlated indicators and does not measure the theoretical importance associated with the indicator Giovannini saneamentp al.
In Brazil there are roughly 3. There is also a sanitation ranking initiative that has been undertaken by the government of India. Sanitation indicators Within the international context, there is a growing utilization of performance indicators in the sanitation sector to monitor the providing of, regulation of, and planning of these services Sperling and Sperling, The results show three indicators that compose a municipal index and indicate the need for data to fully evaluate sanitation.
In terms of universalization, the SNIS is still not able to ed information about sanitation in the rural and peripheral areas discussed in the study saneamentoo by Schneider and collaborators The factor loads are the correlations of each variable with the factor, the lowest load being 0. A study of sanitation of toilets in elementary and senior Secondary schools located in rural areas of Uttarakhand state in India.
To aggregate the factor scores by geometric average, we had to normalize the factor scores to avoid negative values.
The municipalities selected for the analysis were those which possessed a majority se the information related to the four components of basic sanitation, this being a sample that oei represents To accomplish this, we used 83 metric variables, and 9 dichotomic variables related to urban drainage which has a scarcity of data.
Elaborated by the authors.
Qualitative research provides more profound research about a given situation Cooper and Schindler,and this is why we have applied it in order to understand the components and attributes of sanitation. This is saneamenyo estimate, because an attribute cannot always be measured by just one indicator. Since this is an explanatory study, our application focuses on a group of municipalities to evaluate the possibility of this type of usage.