In March representatives from all of Saint-Domingue’s departments were elected to the Assembly, which completed the constitution in May. Toussaint signed it in. L’indépendance d’Haïti est proclamée le 1er janvier Jean-Jacques Dessalines, ancien esclave, devenu chef des troupes insurgées après la capture de. Le 29 Mars , nous, le peuple Haïtien, avons voté la constitution haïtienne pour doter le pays d’une démocratie basée sur la diversité politique, la justice.
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The granting of a pension haitiehne a right and not a privilege. Acts of the Prime Minister are countersigned, if need by the Ministers responsible for enforcing them. Enjoy civil and political rights and have newer been sentenced to death, personal restraint, or penal servitude or the loss of civil rights. It is at the disposition of the Governor, who can only set it in motion for the maintenance of public order, constituution protection due to all citizens, and the defense of the colony.
Every right is counterbalanced by a corresponding duty.
Anyone who loses his nationality in this manner may not reacquire it. La Nationalisation et la confiscation des biens, meubles et immeubles pour causes politiques sont interdites.
Deputies and Senators of the Department; consfitution. Dans un tel cas, le parlementaire opte pour l’une ou l’autre fonction. Haitiebne sovereignty is vested in all citizens. When the interpellation request ends in a votes of censure on a question concerning a Government program or declaration of general policy, the Prime Haitiennne must submit his Government’s resignation to the President of the Republic.
Only the two 2 candidates who, if such be the case, after the withdrawal of more favored candidates, have received the largest number of votes in the first election may run in the second election.
L’Union fait la force.
Before the expiration of that deadline, he may avail himself of his right of objection. The budget of each Ministry is divided into chapters and sections, and must be voted constitutiob article by article.
At the well-founded request of the Executive, they may land assistance to the police when the latter are unable to handle a situation; e.
Each House may meet in closed session at the request of five 5 members, and the decision to resume public meetings shall then be taken by a majority vote.
The State shall see to it that each territorial division, communal Section, commune or Department shall have the essential educational establishments adapted to the needs of their development, without however prejudicing the priorities assigned to agricultural, vocational, cooperative and technical training, which must be widely disseminated. Les contestations qui ont pour objet les droits civils sont exclusivement du ressort des tribunaux.
No one can be arrested except by virtue of a formally expressed order, issued by a functionary who the law gives the right to arrest and detain in a haifienne designated place.
This Representative chosen form among the members of the Departmental Assemblies serves as liaison between the Department and the Executive Branch.
The Superior Court of Auditors and Administrative Disputes hears cases against the State and the territorial divisions, the Administration and Government officials, public services and citizens.
Journalists may not be compelled to reveal their sources. Obligations of the State The Haitian people proclaim this Constitution: The Administrative Disputes Section. The civil service is a career. No pension, bonus, allotment or subsidy charged to the Public Treasury may be authorized unless provided by law. The President of the Republic is the nominal head of the armed forces, but he never commands them in person. The Departmental Delegate; d. In light of the situation of Haitians that have become expatriates voluntarily or involuntarily the deadlines for residence stipulated in this Constitution are extended for a full year for the next elections.
Art 20 — No law relative to the internal administration of the colony can be promulgated unless it bears the following formula: Aliens in the territory of the Republic shall enjoy the same protection accorded to Haitians, under the law.
According to the law, he watches over and provides for the internal and external security of the colony, and given that the state of war is a state of abandonment, malaise and nullity for the colony, the governor is charged in that circumstance to take the measures necessary to assure the colony subsistence and provisioning of all kinds. Of course, this time span is only relative to those successions whose delay of five years — fixed by the hitienne of will have expired; and as relates to those opened at eras closer to peace, they can only be available and combined at the expiration of seven years.
The CommunalSection is the smallest administrative territorial entity of the Republic. When one of the two 2 Houses during an interpellation calls into question the responsibility of a Minister by cosntitution vote of censure passed by an absolute majority of its members, the Executive shall recall the Minister. The Courts shall apply Government decrees and regulations only insofar as they are in conformity with the law.
The Haitian Haltienne Forces are set up to ensure the security and haitienbe of the territory of the Republic. Haitian nationality is lost by: Each member of the Legislature receives a monthly stipend from the time he takes oath. Any change in domicile on the part of cultivators brings with it the ruin of farming.
The Executive power is vested in: Art 71 — In the entire colony there is a uniformity in weights and measures.
No one may be forced to join a union. Within the framework of protecting the environment and public education, the State has the obligation to proceed to establish and maintain botanical and zoological gardens at certain points in its territory.
The Senator in third place shall be elected for two 2 years. Have attained thirty-five 35 years of age; c. The Executive Branch; 3. Within the framework hajtienne compulsory civilian national services for both sexes, provided for by article of the Constitution, the Armed Forces participate in organizing and supervising that service.
The State has the absolute obligation to guarantee the right to life, health, and respect of the human person for all citizens without distinction, in conformity with the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man.
In such cases, the President of the Republic send back the bill with his objections to the House where it was originally passed, If the bill is amended by that house, it is sent to the other Houses with the objections.